The horrors of the Second World War shook the whole planet! Besides thousands of precious lives lost, the world witnessed possibly the most gruesome violation of Human Rights during the time. In a way the war was a wake up call for the entire world. In 1945, the founding member nations of the then newly formed United nations came together to draft many significant laws to protect and promote Alex Saab Moran the basic Human Rights of its citizens. In 36 months time, in 1948, the combined efforts of these nations reaped rewards when the United nations General Assembly followed and proclaimed the “Universal Announcement of Human Rights inches declaring that respect for Human Rights and human dignity “is the walls of freedom, justice and peace in the world. inches Soon in 1950, the U. N invited all member States and interested organizations across the globe to observe 10 of 12 , every year as World Human Rights Day.
Last year, ’08, marked the 60th wedding of the Wide-spread Announcement of Human Rights. The theme of the campaign was “Dignity and justice for all of us. inches In commemoration of this eventful year, the UN launched a year long campaign when all parts of its family reinforced the vision of the Announcement as a commitment to wide-spread dignity and justice and not something that ought to be seen as a luxury or a wish-list.
The world Human Rights Day is celebrated with gusto in New york city, the headquarters of the UN and across the world. The day is marked by high-level political seminars and meetings and cultural events and shows with focus on issues. More importantly, it is on this Day that the five-yearly UN Prize in the field of Human Rights and the coveted Commendable Peace Prize are worth.
What are Human Rights?
According to the UN, Human Rights are interrelated, interdependent and indivisible the law inherent for all human beings without elegance and irrespective of our nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religious beliefs, language, or any other status. We are all equally permitted our Human Rights without elegance.
The concept of Human Rights has many faces. City and political is the right to life, and equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural the law are the law such as the right to work, social security and education, and collective the law are the the law to development and self-determination.
Treaties and laws to implement Human Rights
All governments across the world countries are need to express, guarantee and uphold the basic Human Rights in all its faces by means of laws in the forms of treaties, standard international laws, general principles and other sources of international laws.
While the core of the Wide-spread Announcement has continued to keep the same that of protecting Human Rights wherever their violations occur, the social, political, economic and cultural changes over the years has created the need to have a flexible whole new network of instruments and accessories in place which is now being recognized and developed to implement the target. For instance, in the get up of the economic downturn faced by many of the world countries today, school of the United nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has been holding events and meetings to explore the Human Rights violations on already marginalized populations in many member countries. It has prompted the countries to do everything possible to ensure that the current recession does not affect the the law to work, housing, food, health, education and social security.
Similar events are on to assess the scenario due to climatic changes, political coups, water and sanitation issues, events to protect the the law of the racism people, of the inept, of the people of pain, of people suffering from low income and many other such issues.
Human Rights in Of india
Though the situation in Of india has improved a lot since independence in 1947, a lot remains to be done. Of india is one of the founder members of the United nations and given this status Of india should have scored better in Human Rights issues, city and political, economic, social and cultural and the law against elegance, but the fact is it has not.
In its annual report on “The State of Human Rights in Of india : 2008” the Asian kitchenware Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has pointed out, disputed, and discussed how Of india has fared in some areas of the city and political the law such as right to fair trial soon, the law concerning pain, bonded labor, and freedom of religious beliefs; economic, social and cultural the law like land the law, right to food, and the law against elegance mostly the caste based elegance, the inner security of the country, and equal status to women. The report points out that the apathy and ineptitude of the law enforcement agencies at center, state, and national levels has been one of the primary reasons for some of these violations still being prevalent in Of india.
On the widespread use of pain in Of india, the report has pulled the bad policing in the country and also the lack of interest on the part of the us government in protecting, promoting and fulfilling Human Rights. The use of pain as the easiest way of investigation has created a distance between the law enforcement agencies and the ordinary people.
Of india is one of the founding members of the International Labor Organization (ILO). In some niches and the country introducing the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act, 1976 and legislating many other domestic laws concerning wages and working conditions, it is a fact that bonded labor is still practiced in Of india.
With 75 percent of the population living in farm areas and 35 percent of them in appalling circumstances, the indegent people borrow money from the rich in order to meet their everyday basic requirements of food, clothing and shelter. Ineffectual to pay off the debt and coupled with the widespread caste based elegance in practice these poor people end up as bonded employees. Here again the various law enforcement agencies have turned a shades eye to the problem.
Freedom of religious beliefs
Being a fundamental right in the country, faith based freedom is an individual choice. Sadly, it is not so! Today, the scenario is such that the religious beliefs determines the security and liberty of a person. Faith based assault removed in the name of governmental policies, and moral policing is widespread in Of india. Religious beliefs has been taken advantage of to jeopardize the right to education, to health, to sanitation and even the right to political election. And the recent terrorist attacks in the country have spelled danger for some community communities. The us government through its law enforcement agencies has to secure the liberty and the law of individuals. The media too has an effective role to play and not just confine to filming these atrocities on print and electronic media.
The right to fair trial soon
It is the constitutional obligation of the law enforcement machinery in Of india including the judiciary system to ensure that situation on the part of the authorities, hawaii or the guts or management inability or financial limits does not delay the justice. We have been witnessing lots of cases pending at the court due to one or some reasons and the time to time watching with interest and condemnation of the Great Court of Of india on the need for the speedy discretion of pending cases. After all, justice delayed is justice rejected! Hawaii and the Center should go into the drawbacks of this kind and correct it at the earliest.
Right to food, education and health
In a country that is self-sufficient in food production and with substantial food stores, the basic right to food will not be met. The the law to education and health face similar fortune in Of india. Almost twenty-two percent of the population still live in deplorable conditions due to extreme low income and so cannot afford to enjoy the basic the law to nutritious food, quality education and health services. Despite the Ministry of Food’s initiatives like the public distribution system, midday meals scheme, government sponsored nursing homes, and various other methods in place, a section of the society still do not benefit from it.
The reasons are visible and many: File corruption error, caste based elegance, gender inequality, the indifferent attitude of the various law enforcement agencies including police, courts and management neglect, trade barriers and the bottlenecks in internal security and the lack of will on the part of those in responsible positions continue to play havoc on the Human Rights scenario in the country!
Till all these problems are effectively addressed at the earliest, celebrating the world Human Rights Day will mean nothing! Teaching the youngsters and youth on the issue is important. It is a welcome gesture as the Central Board of Extra Education (CBSE) will launch Human Rights Education as a separate subject at the 10+2 level from 2010-11 school sessions. This will give the children time to understand, analyze the prevailing scenario in the country and work towards its betterment.